What is the NFL Supplemental Draft? Explaining history, player eligibility & how pick order is determined

The NFL draft is one of the biggest events on the NFL’s offseason calendar, but it isn’t the league’s only draft.

The NFL on Tuesday will resurrect its supplemental draft, following a three-year hiatus. The event hasn’t been held since 2019 due, in part, to the COVID-19 pandemic.

But the NFL is bringing it back in 2023, with two receivers — Purdue’s Milton Wright and Jackson State’s Malachi Wideman — eligible for selection by the league’s 32 clubs. The supplemental draft isn’t quite the production of the NFL draft, but fans will undoubtedly hold an interest in it, especially if it leads to a roster addition for their favorite team.

So, what is the NFL supplemental draft? Here’s a brief history of it, and a rundown of exactly how it works.

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What is the NFL supplemental draft?

The NFL supplemental draft is a summer-time draft held for players who didn’t declare for the previous NFL draft, but are otherwise draft-eligible. The draft alternative originated in 1977, and was meant to accommodate players who either missed the NFL draft filing deadline or who faced unexpected eligibility issues for the upcoming college football season.

The supplemental draft hasn’t always been a big storyline for the NFL. The reasons for this are simple: Teams aren’t required to make picks in the supplemental draft; the draft is not televised; and it is completed quickly (about 10 minutes). It takes longer to report the results, but it is largely an administrative process on the part of the NFL.

Still, some strong players have come into the NFL’s workforce from the supplemental draft, including Pro Football Hall of Fame receiver Cris Carter and quarterback Bernie Kosar. The latter’s selection in the 1985 NFL supplemental draft is the most notable pick in the alternative draft’s history.

Why? Because Kosar and his agent, A.J. Faigin, effectively schemed to have him avoid the normal NFL draft in the hopes he could play for his hometown team, the Cleveland Browns. Kosar’s efforts were successful, but created a great deal of drama across the NFL (especially from the Vikings and Oilers, who had hoped to land the Miami quarterback in the 1985 NFL Draft).

Even still, the NFL has continued to hold a supplemental draft since its inception in 1977. The process was put on a three-year hold due, in part, to the COVID-19 pandemic, but it is returning to the July calendar in 2023.

MORE: Ranking all 32 draft classes from best (Steelers) to worst (Jets)

How does the NFL supplemental draft work?

The NFL supplemental draft isn’t all that different from the normal NFL draft. Each of the NFL’s 32 clubs will have a right to select available players over seven rounds to continue to build their 90-man rosters.

However, the supplemental draft is different in that it has a much smaller player pool. Teams bid future draft picks in an auction-style format to land the players. The clubs aren’t obligated to make a selection but, if they do, must surrender a pick from the next year’s NFL draft to do so.

An example of this is when the Cardinals selected Washington State safety Jalen Thompson in the fifth round of the 2019 NFL Supplemental Draft. In picking Thompson, they forfeited their fifth-round pick in the 2020 NFL Draft.

Teams are allowed to bid one pick in each round, if they desire. The NFL starts by allowing clubs to bid their first-round selections to land a player, and continues this process through the seventh round. The winning bid is determined by which team offers the earliest draft pick to acquire a player.

If multiple teams bid a pick in the same round to land a player, his rights will be granted to the team ranked higher in the draft order, determined by a three-group lottery.

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Which players are eligible for the NFL supplemental draft?

If a player was eligible for the previous year’s NFL draft, but did not declare, then they are eligible for the NFL supplemental draft.

Players have often entered the supplemental draft after dealing with unexpected issues that impact their eligibility for the ensuing college season. These have included — but are not limited to — academic ineligibility, suspensions due to failed drug tests, impermissible benefits and failure to declare for the NFL draft before the appropriate deadline.

NFL supplemental draft order

The NFL supplemental draft order is determined differently than the NFL draft. Teams that finished the previous season with the worst records are given priority over playoff teams, but there is a three-group lottery that determines the exact order in which teams will select.

Below are the official groups and order of priority for teams in the NFL supplemental draft.

  1. Teams with six or fewer wins in the previous season
  2. Non-playoff teams with seven-plus wins
  3. Playoff teams

Because the NFL supplemental draft isn’t televised, the league doesn’t typically announce the draft order before the event. Fans will only know about the order if multiple teams put in identical bids for the same player.

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Full list of players selected in NFL supplemental draft history

Forty-six players have been selected in the history of the NFL supplemental draft. Notre Dame running back Al Hunter was the first in 1977. Thompson was the most recent player selected, in 2019.

Below is a full recap of the players selected in the NFL supplemental draft.

Year Player Position Round Team College
1977 Al Hunter RB 4th Seahawks Notre Dame
1978 Johnnie Dirden WR 10th Oilers Sam Houston State
1978 Rod Connors RB 12th 49ers USC
1979 Rod Stewart RB 6th Bills Kentucky
1980 Matthew Teague DE 7th Falcons Prairie View A&M
1980 Billy Mullins WR 9th Chargers USC
1981 Dave Wilson QB 1st Saints Illinois
1981 Chy Davidson WR 11th Patriots Rhode Island
1982 Kevin Robinson CB 9th Lions North Carolina A&T
1985 Bernie Kosar QB 1st Browns Miami
1985 Roosevelt Snipes RB 8th 49ers Florida State
1986 Charles Crawford RB 7th Eagles Oklahoma State
1987 Brian Bosworth LB 1st Seahawks Oklahoma
1987 Dan Sileo DT 3rd Buccaneers Miami
1987 Cris Carter WR 4th Eagles Ohio State
1988 Ryan Bethea WR 5th Vikings South Carolina
1989 Steve Walsh QB 1st Cowboys Miami
1989 Timm Rosenbach QB 1st Cardinals Washington State
1989 Bobby Humphrey RB 1st Broncos Alabama
1989 Brett Young DB 8th Bills Oregon
1989 Mike Lowman RB 12th Cowboys Coffeyville Community College
1990 Rob Moore WR 1st Jets Syracuse
1990 Willie Williams TE 9th Cardinals LSU
1992 Dave Brown QB 1st Giants Duke
1992 Darren Mickell DE 2nd Chiefs Florida
1994 Tito Wooten CB 4th Giants Northeast Louisiana
1994 John Davis TE 5th Cowboys Emporia State
1995 Darren Benson DT 3rd Cowboys Trinity Valley Community College
1998 Mike Wahle OT 2nd Packers Navy
1998 Jamal Williams NT 2nd Chargers Oklahoma State
1999 J’Juan Cherry CB 4th Patriots Arizona State
2002 Milford Brown G 6th Texans Florida State
2003 Tony Hollings RB 2nd Texans Georgia Tech
2005 Manuel Wright DT 5th Dolphins USC
2006 Ahmad Brooks LB 3rd Bengals Virginia
2007 Paul Oliver S 4th Chargers Georgia
2007 Jared Gaither OT 5th Ravens Maryland
2009 Jeremy Jarmon DE 3rd Redskins Kentucky
2010 Harvey Unga FB 7th Bears BYU
2010 Josh Brent NT 7th Cowboys Illinois
2011 Terrelle Pryor QB 3rd Raiders Ohio State
2012 Josh Gordon WR 2nd Browns Baylor
2015 Isaiah Battle OT 5th Rams Clemson
2018 Sam Beal CB 3rd Giants Western Michigan
2018 Adonis Alexander CB 6th Redskins Virginia Tech
2019 Jalen Thompson S 5th Cardinals Washington State


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